Summers Sargent posted an update 6 months, 2 weeks ago
Following the defeat of the September Campaign of 1939, when Polish soldiers had experimented with repel the German invasion, the location of Oswiecim and the surrounding areas were incorporated from the Third Reich. Simultaneously its name was changed to Auschwitz. By the end of 1939, at the SS and Police Headquarters in Wroclaw (Braslau), the thought of establishing a concentration camp had recently been proposed. A state justification for this plan scaled like the overcrowding in the existing prisons in Silesia, and so on require conducting further waves of mass arrest one of the Polish inhabitants both Silesia along with the all German-occupied Poland.
Several special committees were convened, whose task it was to take into account the most favorable position for this type of camp. The best choice fell upon the deserted pre-war Polish barracks in Oswiecim. Situated a long way from the built up section of the town, they might quite easily be expanded and isolated externally world. Another factor not without significance was the convenient position of Oswiecim – an import and railway junction – from the existing communications network.
The order to proceed with offers to found a camp was given in April 1940, and Rudolf Hoss was appointed its first commandant. On June 14, 1940, the Gestapo dispatched the initial political prisoners to KL Auschwitz – 728 Poles from Tarnow. Initially the camp comprised 20 buildings – 14 at walk out and 6 with the upper floor. In the period from 1941 to 1942 another story was put into all ground-floor buildings and 8 new blocks were constructed, with all the prisoners because workforce. Altogether the camp ground now contained 28 one-story buildings ( excluding kitchens, storehouses etc. ) The typical number of prisoners fluctuated between 13-16.000, reaching at one stage ( during 1942 ) a record total of 20.000 people. We were holding accommodated within the blocks, where the cellares and lofts were chosen for this specific purpose.
Because the quantity of inmates increased, the location covered by the camp also, grew, until it had been become a big and horrific factory of death. The monstrosity in Oswiecim – KL Auschwitz I – took over as the parent or "Stammlager" into a whole generation of the latest camps. In 1941 regarding another camp, later called Auschwitz II-Birkenau, was commenced inside the village of Brzezinka 3 kilometers away as well as in 1942 the camp in Monowice near Oswiecim-KL Auschwitz III-was established for the territory in the German chemical plant IG-Farbenindustrie. Furthermore, during the years 1942-1944, about 40 smaller branches from the Auschwitz complex came to exist these fell underneath the jurisdiction of KL Auschwitz III and were situated mainly in the vicinity of steelworks, mines and factories, where prisoners were exploited as cheap labour.
The camp ground in Oswiecim ( KL Auschwitz I) as well as in Brzezinka (KL Auschwitz II – Birkenau) have become maintained as museums ready to accept the population. The most crucial constructions and objects in Birkenau are the remnants of four years old crematoria, gas chambers and cremation pits and pyres, the special unloading platform were the deportees were selected plus a pond with human ashes. In Auschwitz this type of construction is the "Death block."
Furthermore in camps are preserved blocks plus a portion of prisoners barracks, the primary entrance gates for the camps, sentry watch towers along with barbed wire fences. A number of the constructions destroyed from the Nazis were rebuilt in the original elements – as an example the ovens inside the crematorium I. Some objects were completely destroyed through the SS obliterating the traces of their crimes. Within the cases of special importance the constructions were reproduced by the museum and placed in exactly the same area while they were during the information on the Auschwitz camp. First and foremost fundamental essentials "Death wall" and also the collective gallows at the role-call ground.
The prison blocks inside the camp at Auschwitz contain exhibitions portraying the historical past of Auschwitz or tracing the torments from the nations whose everyone was murdered here. Higher than the main gate at Auschwitz – through which the prisoners passed each day on their way to be effective (returning 12 hours or more later) there exists a cynical inscription: "Arbeit macht frei" (Work brings freedom). and also on the small square through the kitchen the camping ground orchestra would play marsches, mustering the thousands of prisoners so they really may be counted more efficiently by the SS.
That is the short specifics of a camp as well as what you’ll expect when you go there.
Salt Mine in Wieliczka is a second part tours in a day.
Wieliczka Salt Mine near Krakow remembers the periods in the Ancient. It one of the world’s oldest salt mine on earth. This can be the only mining facility in the world functioning continuously considering that the Middle Ages to the, allowing the evolution of mining technology in several historical periods. Wieliczka Salt Mine is around 300 km of excavation on 9 levels, the initial ones – how much Bono – travels to a depth of 64 meters, even though the latter lies 327 meters underneath the surface. Total duration of sidewalks, connecting about 3000 excavation (sidewalks, ramps, service chambers, lakes, wells, shafts), exceeds 300 km. The tourist route is 3 km, is made up of 20 chambers located at depths from 64 to 135 meters.
For more information about
Auschwitz tour from Krakow go this web page.